Metatation: Annotation as implicit interaction to bridge close and distant reading


Hrim Mehta, Adam Bradley, Mark Hancock, and Christopher Collins. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (ToCHI), 24(5):35:1-35:41, nov 2017.


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Abstract

In the domain of literary criticism many critics practice close reading, annotating by hand while performing a detailed analysis of a single text. Often this process employs the use of external resources to aid analysis. In this paper we present a study and subsequent tool design focused on leveraging a critic's annotations as implicit interactions for initiating context-specific computational support that automatically searches external resources. We observed 14 poetry critics performing a close reading, revealing a set of cognitive practices supported through free-form annotation that have not previously been discussed in this context. We used guidelines derived from our study to design a tool, Metatation, which uses a pen-and-paper system with a peripheral display to utilize reader annotations as underspecified interactions to augment close reading. By turning paper-based annotations into implicit queries, Metatation provides relevant supplemental information in a just-in-time manner and acts as a bridge between close and distant reading.


Bibtex entry

@ARTICLE { Mehta:2017:Metatation,
    AUTHOR = { Hrim Mehta and Adam Bradley and Mark Hancock and Christopher Collins },
    TITLE = { Metatation: Annotation as Implicit Interaction to Bridge Close and Distant Reading },
    JOURNAL = { ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (ToCHI) },
    ISSUE_DATE = { November 2017 },
    VOLUME = { 24 },
    NUMBER = { 5 },
    MONTH = { nov },
    YEAR = { 2017 },
    ISSN = { 1073-0516 },
    PAGES = { 35:1--35:41 },
    ARTICLENO = { 35 },
    NUMPAGES = { 41 },
    ACMID = { 3131609 },
    PUBLISHER = { ACM },
    ADDRESS = { New York, NY, USA },
    KEYWORDS = { Digital humanities, close reading, distant reading, implicit interaction, ink annotations, pen-based interfaces },
    DOI = { 10.1145/3131609 },
}